Ayurveda is a Sanskrit term, made up of the words "ayus" and "veda." "Ayus" means life and "Veda" means knowledge or science. The term "ayurveda" thus means 'the knowledge of life' or 'the science of life'. Ayurvedic medicine also known as Ayurveda is one of the world's oldest holistic (whole-body) healing systems. It was developed thousands of years ago in India.
It is based on the belief that health and wellness depend on a delicate balance between the mind, body, and spirit. The primary focus of Ayurveda is to promote good health, rather than fight disease. But treatments may be recommended for specific health problems. According to Ayurvedic theory, everything in the universe living or not, is connected. Good health is achieved when your mind, body, and spirit are in harmony with the universe. A disruption of this harmony can lead to poor health and sickness.
Because Ayurveda is a complete system of healing, encompassing philosophy, psychology and spirituality as well as a deep understanding of the disease process, it often succeeds with lasting effects. A unique programme of treatment can be devised for every patient. The approach is never narrowly mechanistic. No two patients, even if they appear to be suffering from the same illness, are the same to an Ayurvedic doctor.
Most systems of medicine, ancient and modern, have attempted to divide the human race into types. The older the system, the more likely it is that the categories correspond to forces which are perceived to prevail in nature. In ancient China, yin and yang correspond to the passive female principle and the creative active male principle. In Europe in the Middle Ages, the humours were believed to be fluids secreted by the body and which profoundly influenced physical type, mental state and behaviour. The predominance of a person’s nature- if it was blood, the person was deemed sanguine (happy and positive), if choler, choleric (hot tempered and angry), if melancholy, melancholic (tending to sadness).
Ayurvedic treatment is unique in its approach to health and disease. Instead of suppressing the main symptoms, the root cause is eliminated and thus gives permanent relief.The treatment is mainly carried out through massages, enemas etc. using powders, tablets, decoctions, medicated oils etc. prepared from natural herbs, plants and minerals, etc.